In its different subtypes and clonal varieties it continues to prove its unquestionable virtues, also thanks to the diverse expressions of the ‘terroir’ where it’s cultivated.
Ampelographers claim that Sangiovese’s birthplace is in the Apennines between Tuscany and Romagna, to this day the two most important regions for this red grape. Reading a study published by farmers of the Federazione Nazionale dei Consorzi Provinciali in 1939, one learns that Sangiovese was widely planted in the Romagnan hills and that the quality was equal to the famous Tuscan wines.
In fact, visitors to the first trade fair for local wines, held in Siena from the 3rd to the 18th of August, 1933, especially appreciated the wines made from Sangiovese di Romagna. The same study shows to what degree Sangiovese can vary and adapt to its environment. For example, even just in the province of Forlì one can detect subtle differences between one zone and another, even when they’re neighbors (ex. Predappio, Bertinoro, Modigliana, Castrocaro, etc.).
The origins of Sangiovese are very difficult to identify; information about one of Italy’s best known and most widely cultivated grapes is very fragmentary and often unreliable. For solid information, one has to wait until the 16th century, when Soderini described it in his treatise The Cultivation of the Vine, saying “The Sangiovese (Sangiocheto or Sanioveto) grape variety is remarkable for its regular productivity”.
But it is claimed that the famous grape was already well-known more than 2000 years ago and the Etruscans used it to produce wine. Even the origins of the name are uncertain and there are numerous versions of the story. There are those who claim the name comes from San Giovanni, others who say it comes from a local dialect (from “San Giovannina”, a grape that ripens early, thanks to its early budding), and still others who swear it comes from “Sanguis Jovis”, the blood of Jove. Widely planted in Tuscany, where it takes on various names (Brunello in Montalcino, Prugnolo in Montepulciano, Morellino in the region of Grossetto, Sangioveto in Chianti), Sangiovese has found its second home in Romagna.